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                      2022-04-25 行業標準 加入收藏


                        光環效果 - 有時會在打印的半色調點周圍出現微弱的陰影。也稱為光暈。光暈本身也稱為邊緣。

                        Halo Effect - Faint shadow sometimes surrounding halftone dots printed. Also called halation. The halo itself is also called a fringe.

                        硬點 - 與軟點相比,沒有光暈或軟邊緣的半色調網點。

                        Hard Dots - Halftone dots with no halos or soft edges, as compared to soft dots.

                        硬拷貝 - 文本或頁面布局的打印物理副本,與在計算機顯示器上查看的“軟拷貝”形成對比。

                        Hard Copy - a printed, physical copy of text or a page layout, in contrast to a "soft copy" that is viewed on a computer monitor.

                        Head(er) - 在頁面的頂部,頁邊距。

                        Head(er) - At the top of a page, the margin.

                        頭對尾 - 頁面的頭部(頂部)面向其他頁面的尾部(底部)的拼版。

                        Head-to-tail - Imposition with heads (tops) of pages facing tails (bottoms) of other pages.

                        熱定型卷筒紙 - 卷筒紙印刷機配備烘箱以干燥油墨,因此能夠印刷銅版紙。

                        Heat-set Web - Web press equipped with an oven to dry ink, thus able to print coated paper.

                        Hickey - 印刷中的斑點或缺陷,在油墨覆蓋較重的區域最為明顯,由印版或橡皮布上的污垢引起。也稱為牛眼和魚眼。

                        Hickey - Spot or imperfection in printing, most visible in areas of heavy ink coverage, caused by dirt on the plate or blanket. Also called bulls eye and fish eye.

                        高保真色彩 - 與四色工藝相比,使用六、八或十二分色再現的色彩。

                        High-fidelity Color - Color reproduced using six, eight or twelve separations, as compared to four-color process.

                        高調照片 - 最重要的細節出現在高光中的照片。

                        High-key Photo - Photo whose most important details appear in the highlights.

                        高光 - 與中間色調和陰影相比,照片或半色調中最亮的部分。

                        Highlights - Lightest portions of a photograph or halftone, as compared to midtones and shadows.

                        HLS - 色調、亮度、飽和度的縮寫,是軟件中常見的顏色控制選項之一,用于設計和頁面組裝。 也稱為 HVS。

                        HLS - Abbreviation for hue, lightness, saturation, one of the color-control options often found in software, for design and page assembly. Also called HVS.

                        熱點 - 當一塊污垢或氣泡在接觸制版過程中導致不完全牽伸時造成的印刷缺陷,留下油墨覆蓋薄弱或可見網點增加的區域。

                        Hot Spot - Printing defect caused when a piece of dirt or an air bubble caused incomplete draw-down during contact platemaking, leaving an area of weak ink coverage or visible dot gain.

                        色調 - 一種特定的顏色,例如黃色或綠色。

                        Hue - A specific color such as yellow or green.

                        ICC 配置文件 - 在色彩管理中,ICC 配置文件是一組數據,根據國際色彩聯盟 (ICC) 頒布的標準,表征色彩輸入或輸出設備或色彩空間。配置文件通過定義設備源或目標顏色空間與配置文件連接空間 (PCS) 之間的映射來描述特定設備的顏色屬性或查看要求。

                        Imagesetter - Laser output device using photosensitive paper or film.

                        拼版 - 在機械或平面上排列頁面,以便在折疊和裝訂印張后它們會以正確的順序出現。

                        Imposition - Arrangement of pages on mechanicals or flats so they will appear in proper sequence after press sheets are folded and bound.

                        印量 - (1) 就油墨顏色而言,一次印量等于一張印張通過印刷單元一次。 (2) 就印刷機的速度而言,一印等于一張印張通過印刷機一次。

                        Impression - (1) Referring to an ink color, one impression equals one press sheet passing once through a printing unit. (2) Referring to speed of a press, one impression equals one press sheet passing once through the press.

                        壓印滾筒 - 印刷機上的滾筒,將紙張推向印版或橡皮布,從而形成圖像。也稱為壓印輥。

                        Impression Cylinder - Cylinder, on a press, that pushes paper against the plate or blanket, thus forming the image. Also called impression roller.

                        油墨平衡 - 印刷油墨的密度和網點增益彼此之間以及與標準中性灰色密度之間的關系。

                        Ink Balance - Relationship of the densities and dot gains of process inks to each other and to a standard density of neutral gray.

                        噴墨打印 - 通過計算機控制的噴嘴噴射墨滴進行打印的方法。也稱為噴印。

                        Ink Jet Printing - Method of printing by spraying droplets of ink through computer-controlled nozzles. Also called jet printing.

                        凹版印刷 - 圖像載體是具有兩個層次的表面的印刷方法,其著墨區域低于非著墨區域。 凹版印刷和雕刻是最常見的凹版印刷形式。 也稱為凹印。

                        Intaglio Printing - Printing method whose image carriers are surfaces with two levels, having inked areas lower than noninked areas. Gravure and engraving are the most common forms of intaglio. Also called recess printing.

                        整體打樣 - 與重疊打樣相比,在一張打樣紙上顯示的分色打樣。 也稱為成分證明、層壓證明、塑料證明和單張證明。

                        Integral Proof - Color proof of separations shown on one piece of proofing paper, as compared to an overlay proof. Also called composition proof, laminate proof, plastic proof and single-sheet proof.

                        ISBN - 分配給已發表作品的編號,通常位于扉頁或扉頁背面。 被認為是國際標準書號。

                        ISBN - A number assigned to a published work and usually found either on the title page or the back of the title page. Considered an International Standard Book Number.

                        K - 四色印刷中黑色的縮寫。 因此 CMYK 中的“K”。

                        K - Abbreviation for black in four-color process printing. Hence the “K” in CMYK.

                        關鍵底片或印版 - 底片或印版可打印最詳細的信息,因此其圖像引導其他印版圖像的配準。 也稱為密鑰打印機。

                        Key Negative or Plate - Negative or plate that prints the most detail, thus whose image guides the register of images from other plates. Also called key printer.

                        吻切 -模切自粘紙的頂層,而不是背襯層。 也稱為切面。

                        Kiss Die Cut - To die cut the top layer, but not the backing layer, of self-adhesive paper. Also called face cut.

                        牛皮紙 - 用于包裝和制作食品袋和大信封的強力紙。

                        Kraft Paper - Strong paper used for wrapping and to make grocery bags and large envelopes.

                        層壓板 - 一種薄透明塑料片(涂層),通常應用于厚紙(封面、明信片等),可防止液體和大量使用,通常突出現有顏色,提供光澤(或鏡片)效果。

                        Laminate - A thin transparent plastic sheet (coating) applied to usually a thick stock (covers, post cards, etc.) providing protection against liquid and heavy use, and usually accents existing color, providing a glossy (or lens) effect.

                        搭接套準 - 與對接套準相比,油墨顏色略微重疊的套準。

                        Lap Register - Register where ink colors overlap slightly, as compared to butt register.

                        激光粘合 - 粘合紙特別光滑和干燥,可以很好地通過激光打印機。

                        Laser Bond - Bond paper made especially smooth and dry to run well through laser printers.

                        可激光打印的墨水 - 不會褪色或起泡的墨水,因為打印它的紙張用于激光打印機。

                        Laser-imprintable Ink - Ink that will not fade or blister as the paper on which it is printed is used in a laser printer.

                        葉 - 出版物中的一張紙,葉子的每一面都是一頁。

                        Leaf - One sheet of paper in a publication. Each side of a leaf is one page.

                        左對齊類型 -(不規則右) - 類型的列與左邊距對齊。

                        Left Justified Type -(Ragged Right) - columns of type are aligned with the left margin.

                        信箋折疊 - 兩次折疊形成三個面板,使一張信箋可以適合商業信封。也稱為桶形折疊和環繞式折疊。

                        Letter fold -Two folds creating three panels that allow a sheet of letterhead to fit a business envelope. Also called barrel fold and wrap around fold.

                        信紙 - 在北美,8? 英寸 x 11 英寸紙。在歐洲,A4 紙。

                        Letter Paper - In North America, 8?″ x 11″ sheets. In Europe, A4 sheets.

                        凸版印刷 - 從凸起表面印刷的方法,無論是金屬類型還是表面已從圖像區域蝕刻掉的印版。也稱為塊印刷。

                        Letterpress -Method of printing from raised surfaces, either metal type or plates whose surfaces have been etched away from image areas. Also called block printing.

                        輕質紙 - 基重小于 40# (60 gsm) 的書本紙。

                        Lightweight Paper - Book paper with basis weight less than 40# (60 gsm).

                        亞麻飾面 - 類似于亞麻織物質地的紙飾面。

                        Linen Finish - a paper finish similar to the texture of linen fabric.

                        平版印刷 - 使用圖像區域吸引油墨而非圖像區域排斥油墨的印版進行印刷的方法。非圖像區域可以涂有水以排斥油性油墨,或者可以具有排斥油墨的表面,例如硅。

                        Lithography - Method of printing using plates whose image areas attract ink and whose nonimage areas repel ink. Nonimage areas may be coated with water to repel the oily ink or may have a surface, such as silicon, that repels ink.

                        活頁夾 - 允許在出版物中插入和刪除頁面的綁定方法。

                        Looseleaf - Binding method allowing insertion and removal of pages in a publication .

                        松散打樣 - 與復合打樣相比,未與頁面中的其他元素組合的半色調或分色打樣打樣。 也稱為第一次證明、隨機證明、分散證明和顯示顏色證明。

                        Loose Proof - Proof of a halftone or color separation that is not assembled with other elements from a page, as compared to composite proof. Also called first proof, random proof, scatter proof and show-color proof.

                        洋紅色 - 四種印刷色之一。

                        Magenta - One of the four process colors.

                        凸模 - 在壓花或去壓花過程中施加壓力的模具。也叫力卡。

                        Male Die - Die that applies pressure during embossing or De-bossing. Also called force card.

                        邊距 - 印刷材料邊緣周圍的印記空間。

                        Margin - Imprinted space around the edge of the printed material.

                        遮罩 - 防止光線到達圖像的一部分,從而隔離剩余部分。也稱為敲除。

                        Mask - To prevent light from reaching part of an image, therefore isolating the remaining part. Also called knock out.

                        啞光飾面 - 相紙或涂層印刷紙上的平整(非光澤)飾面。

                        Matte Finish - Flat (not glossy) finish on photographic paper or coated printing paper.

                        啞光紙 - 是一種無光澤、外觀平整的涂層紙,表面光滑。啞光涂層紙由通常含有粘土的表面密封劑制成。涂料紙限制墨水吸收到紙張表面,從而獲得更清晰的圖像,尤其是照片和其他半色調圖像。

                        Matte Paper - is a non-glossy, flat-looking coated paper has a smooth surface. Matte coated paper is made with a surface sealant which often contains clay. Coating papers restrict ink from absorbing into the surface of the paper which allows for crisper images, particularly photos and other halftone images.

                        機械裝訂 - 使用梳子、線圈、環形活頁夾、柱子或任何其他不需要膠合、縫紉或縫合的技術進行裝訂。

                        Mechanical Bind - To bind using a comb, coil, ring binder, post or any other technique not requiring gluing, sewing or stitching.

                        機械分離 - 在機械上對要打印的每種顏色使用單獨的覆蓋層進行顏色中斷。

                        Mechanical Separation - Color breaks made on the mechanical using a separate overlay for each color to be printed.

                        金屬墨水 - 含有粉末金屬或模擬金屬顏料的墨水。

                        Metallic Ink - Ink containing powdered metal or pigments that simulate metal.

                        金屬紙 - 涂有塑料或顏料薄膜的紙,其顏色和光澤類似于金屬。

                        Metallic Paper - Paper coated with a thin film of plastic or pigment whose color and gloss simulate metal.

                        中間調 - 在照片或插圖中,與高光和陰影相比,由覆蓋率 30% 到 70% 之間的點創建的色調。

                        Midtones - In a photograph or illustration, tones created by dots between 30 percent and 70 percent of coverage, as compared to highlights and shadows.

                        起霧 - 墨滴從滾軸上甩出的現象。又稱飛墨。

                        Misting - Phenomenon of droplets of ink being thrown off the roller train. Also called flying ink.

                        摩爾紋 - 重新加網已半色調(打印)的圖像時出現的不受歡迎的圖案,導致波浪狀或方格圖案。 該圖案是由兩個網點圖案重疊造成的,從而產生莫爾條紋。 該圖案看起來有點像鐵絲網圍欄,可以通過適當應用高斯模糊來消除。

                        Moiré - Undesirable pattern that occurs when rescreening an already halftoned (printed) image, which results in a wavelike or checkered pattern. The pattern is caused by the two dot patterns overlaping, resulting in a moiré. The pattern, looking somewhat like in a chain-link fence, can be eliminated by the proper application of a Gaussian blur.

                        M 重量 - 任何特定尺寸的 1,000 張紙的重量。

                        M Weight - Weight of 1,000 sheets of paper in any specific size.



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